AskDefine | Define veld

Dictionary Definition

veld n : elevated open grassland in southern Africa [syn: veldt]

User Contributed Dictionary

Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

veld
  1. field

Extensive Definition

For information on the town of Veldt, see Veldt Township, Minnesota
The term Veld, or Veldt, refers primarily (but not exclusively) to the wide open rural spaces of South Africa or southern Africa and in particular to certain flatter areas or districts covered in grass or low scrub. The word comes from the Afrikaans (ultimately from Dutch), literally meaning 'field'. However, this simple translation does not convey the subtleties of the many idiomatic nuances of the term. Veld can be compared to the Australian terms "outback" or "bush," to "the prairie" of North America, or to the "pampas" of South America but the comparisons are not exact. A Yorkshireman might equate "wandering across the moors" to "walking through the veld."
By extension, the veld can be compared to 'the boondocks' or those places 'beyond the black stump' in Australia. There is a sense in which it refers in essence to unimproved land (and is therefore not the equivalent of the English "paddock") but in other senses the veld can include areas used both for pastoral activities and the planting of crops. The word is less appropriate for land that is heavily forested, mountainous, or urban. (On the other hand, a carefully-husbanded sports field on which the game of Rugby is played in the middle of cities such as Cape Town or Johannesburg is referred to as a "rugbyveld"). Whereas mountainous peaks and forests are not really welcome on the veld, bushes are acceptable. The area then becomes "bosveld." There are minor examples of bosveld here and there but the term is used mainly to describe Die Bosveld ("The Bushveld"), which is both a loose botanical classification and a specific geographical part of what used to be know as The Transvaal (see, for example, Jock of the Bushveld).
The word "veld" also carries military connotations. The word "field" in English has a strong association with "war," as evidenced by the expression "the first foe in the field" and the lines of the ballad 'Lord Marlborough' (see John Churchill): "You generals all and champions bold, that takes delight in field, that knocks down churches and castle walls but now to death must yield". The same relationship is paralleled in Afrikaans. Just as the English Army has its Field Marshalls, the Boer armies had their Veldkornets and Veldkommandos.

Highveld and Lowveld

Much of the interior of southern Africa consists of a high plateau known as the Highveld, starting east of the Johannesburg centre. These higher, cooler areas (generally more than 5000 ft [1524m] above sea level) are characterised by flat or gently undulating terrain, grasslands and a modified tropical or subtropical climate. In some areas there is a distinct escarpment bordering the plateau, while in others the boundary is not obvious.
Some surrounding, lower areas are known as Lowveld and are generally hotter and less intensely cultivated. Before the middle of the 20th century, much of the Lowveld was home to the tsetse fly, which transmits sleeping sickness. These areas used to be known as "fever country" and were avoided by mounted travellers, owing to the susceptibility of horses to a form of the disease. Malaria was in the past also a major problem in the hotter parts of the Lowveld.

Alternative meanings

veld in Danish: Veld
veld in German: Veld
veld in Italian: Veld
veld in Norwegian: Veld
veld in Polish: Weld (wyżyna)

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

agricultural region, alkali flat, alluvial plain, arable land, basin, black belt, bottomland, bushveld, campo, champaign, champaign country, citrus belt, coastal plain, corn belt, cotton belt, countryside, delta, desert, down, downs, dust bowl, farm belt, farm country, farmland, fell, flat, flat country, flatland, flats, fruit belt, grass, grass roots, grass veld, grassland, grazing, grazing region, haugh, haughland, heath, highlands, lande, lea, level, llano, lowland, lowlands, lunar mare, mare, mead, meadow, meadow land, meadows and pastures, mesa, mesilla, moor, moorland, moors, open country, pampa, pampas, park, pasturage, pasture, pasture land, peneplain, plain, plains, plateau, playa, prairie, prairies, province, provinces, range, rural district, rustic region, salt flat, salt marsh, salt pan, savanna, sebkha, steppe, steppeland, steppes, swale, table, tableland, the country, the soil, the sticks, tobacco belt, tree veld, tundra, upland, uplands, vega, weald, wheat belt, wide-open spaces, wold, woodland, woods and fields, yokeldom
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